LA&PS General Education Courses

Historical Listing of all LA&PS General Education Courses

Please note that this is a listing of general education courses that were approved over the years. Not all are current, some have been retired or replaced. For a current listing of general education courses, please click here.

AP/HUMA 2650 9.00 "Be Who You Are!": Issues of Identity in Contemporary Culture (retired)
This course examines identity as a central concept in contemporary culture examining debates around the formation, function and meaning of identity in relation to films, novels, art, music and television. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 2650 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2310 9.00 An Introduction to Caribbean Studies (retired)
This course introduces students to the major cultural characteristics of the contemporary Caribbean through an examination of the writers, artists and scholars of the region. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AS/HUMA 2310 9.00.

AP/HUMA 1915 9.00 Animals and the Literary Imagination 
From antiquity to the present, the animal world has been strongly reflected in Western literature. The course presents a cross-cultural examination of the depiction of animals in Western literature and culture (especially the English, North American, German and Russian traditions). Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 1915 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2965 9.00 Arms and the Man: War in Western Culture (retired)
This course examines the representation of war in Western culture focusing particularly on issues of morality, memory identity, sexuality and gender. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit.Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 2965 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2751 9.00 Aspects of Italian Culture (retired)
This course aims to present and analyze some of the most interesting themes underlying the development of Italian intellectual life from the 14th century to the 19th century. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AS/HUMA 2751 9.00, AS/HUMA 2990A 9.00 (prior to Fall/Winter 2003-2004) and AS/IT 2751 9.00.

AP/IT 2751 9.00 Aspects of Italian Culture (retired)
This course aims to present and analyze some of the most interesting themes underlying the development of Italian intellectual life from the 14th century to the 19th century. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AS/HUMA 2751 9.00, AS/HUMA 2990A 9.00 (prior to Fall/Winter 2003-2004) and AS/IT 2751 9.00.

SC/NATS 1740 6.00 Astronomy 
A discussion of our present understanding of the universe and its constituents. Topics include the structure and evolution of the planets, stars, galaxies and the universe as a whole. Three lecture hours per week, two-hour laboratory sessions every second week. Two terms. Six credits. Course credit exclusions: SC/NATS 1880 6.00, SC/NATS 1570 3.00. NCR Note: No credit will be retained if this course is taken after the successful completion of SC/PHYS 1070 3.00. Not open to any students enrolled in the Astronomy stream.

SC/NATS 1940 6.00 Biodiversity and Conservation 
This course acquaints students with Earth's rich species diversity. Topics include scientific developments in the classification of diversity, major groups of organisms, patterns of change in diversity over time including extinction, modern threats to biodiversity, and responses to such threats. Three lecture hours per week. Two terms. NCR Note: This course is not available for credit for any student who has passed or is taking SC/BIOL 1000 3.00, SC/BIOL 1001 3.00 or SC/BIOL 1010 6.00.

AP/HUMA 1855 9.00 Buddhism and Asian Cultures 
This course introduces students to the diversity of Buddhist ideas and practices in Asia. Exploring Buddhism as a living tradition, the course focuses on the impact and interpretation of Buddhism in historical and contemporary cultures. The course develops a background in basic Buddhist philosophy in order to explore its broader cultural impact in literature, art, ritual, ethics, economics, social interaction and politics. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None.

AP/HUMA 1855 9.00 Buddhism and Asian Cultures 
This course introduces students to the diversity of Buddhist ideas and practices in Asia. Exploring Buddhism as a living tradition, the course focuses on the impact and interpretation of Buddhism in historical and contemporary cultures. The course develops a background in basic Buddhist philosophy in order to explore its broader cultural impact in literature, art, ritual, ethics, economics, social interaction and politics. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit.
This course introduces students to the diversity of Buddhist ideas and practices in Asia. Exploring Buddhism as a living tradition, the course focuses on the impact and interpretation of Buddhism in historical and contemporary cultures. The course develops a background in basic Buddhist philosophy in order to explore its broader cultural impact in literature, art, ritual, ethics, economics, social interaction and politics. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit.Course credit exclusions: None

AP/HUMA 1790 6.00 Business Tradition and Culture 
This course surveys Western attitudes toward money-making and business from the early Judaeo-Christian period to the present. In particular, it explores literary and philosophical ideas about capitalism, money and success, especially in the 19th and 20th centuries. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/HUMA 1700 6.00 (prior to Summer 1989), AK/HUMA 1790 6.00.

AP/HUMA 1220 9.00 Canadian Language and Culture 
This course develops the linguistic/academic skills of students from English as a second language backgrounds, using themes such as language and communication, culture and identity, the immigrant/refugee experience, multiculturalism, Canada's aboriginal peoples and Quebec. A variety of course activities develop course themes and language proficiency. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/ESL 1000 9.00.

AP/ESL 1000 9.00 Canadian Language and Culture 
This course develops the linguistic/academic skills of students from English as a second language backgrounds, using themes such as language and communication, culture and identity, the immigrant/refugee experience, multiculturalism, Canada's aboriginal peoples and Quebec. A variety of course activities develop course themes and language proficiency. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/ESL 1000 9.00.

AP/SOSC 1200 9.00 Canadian Problems 
The conceptual framework that has been developed out of this experience is used to examine a number of contemporary problems, selected each year on the basis of their topicality and relevance to a comprehensive understanding of current Canadian public policy. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/SOSC 1200 9.00.

AP/HREQ 1800 6.00 Childhood and Society 
An historical and current analysis of what happens to children when they are socialized. Among the questions considered along with the meaning of socialization, are the basis of literacy and the role of parents, education, and work. While focused on Canada, the course may touch on the UK, the US, and other countries. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusion: AP/SOSC 1910 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOSC 1800 6.00, AS/SOSC 1910 9.00.

AP/SOSC 1800 6.00 Childhood and Society 
An historical and current analysis of what happens to children when they are socialized. Among the questions considered along with the meaning of socialization, are the basis of literacy and the role of parents, education, and work. While focused on Canada, the course may touch on the UK, the US, and other countries. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusion: AP/SOSC 1910 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOSC 1800 6.00, AS/SOSC 1910 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2835 9.00 Christianity in Context (retired)
This course examines the movements, texts, beliefs and practices of Christianity, and explores the factors and forces shaping them from its beginnings to the present day. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 2835 9.00.

AP/SOSC 2710 9.00 City Lives and City Forms: An Introduction to Urban Studies (retired)
This course introduces students to the tradition and practice of urban studies through an exploration of the social fabrics of cities as historical products that both reflect and influence economic, political and cultural realities in contemporary societies. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: AP/URST 2410 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/URST 2410 6.00, AS/SOSC 2710 9.00.

AP/HUMA 1125 9.00 Civilization of Medieval and Renaissance Europe 
Sampling epic, romance, autobiography, short story, drama, music, political theory, science and the visual arts, this course traces European high culture from the Middle Ages through the Renaissance. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: AP/HUMA 1800 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/HUMA 1800 6.00, AS/HUMA 1120 9.00, AS/HUMA 1125 9.00 and AS/HUMA 1130 9.00.

SC/NATS 1700 6.00 Computers, Information and Society 
Selected survey and critical examination of the history and present-day development of information and communication technologies and of their interplay with society and culture. Three lecture hours. Two terms. Six credits. Course credit exclusion: AK/NATS 1700 6.00.

SC/NATS 1670 6.00 Concepts in Human Health and Disease 
This course examines health threats from a biological perspective, with focus on issues that are relevant to the 20-30 age group. For example: immunological, bacterial, viral and genetic diseases from a multi-disciplinary perspective. Three lecture hours. Two terms. Six credits. Course credit exclusion: AK/NATS 1840 6.00. NCR Note: This course is not open to any student who has passed or is taking SC/BIOL 1000 3.00, SC/BIOL 1001 3.00 or SC/BIOL 1010 6.00.

AP/HUMA 1950 6.00 Concepts of Male and Female in the West 
An examination of the origins of, and the interrelationships among, gender, male and female concepts and roles through myth, literature, art and artifacts from various Western cultures, past and present. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/HUMA 1830 6.00, AP/HUMA 1950 9.00 (prior to Fall 2013), AP/HUMA 1951 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/HUMA 1830 6.00, AS/HUMA 1950 9.00.

AP/HUMA 1950 9.00 Concepts of Male and Female in the West 
Course Retired/Expired: F2013. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2013.

AP/SOSC 2460 9.00 Contemporary Latin America (retired)
This course introduces students to the basic features of contemporary Latin America through an examination of the social, political and economic changes that occurred in the region over the past century. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: AP/SOSC 2460 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AS/SOSC 2460 6.00 (prior to Fall/Winter 2003-2004), AS/SOSC 2460 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2600 9.00 Contexts for the Study of the Humanities (retired)
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/HUMA 1200 9.00 Contexts of Canadian Culture 
Topics illustrating the ways in which culture in Canada resembles and is different from other cultures. The emphasis is on the 20th century. Materials to be used include fiction, poetry, folklore, the visual arts and various social and historical studies. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: AP/HUMA 1740 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/HUMA 1740 6.00, AS/HUMA 1200 9.00.

AP/CDNS 1200 9.00 Contexts of Canadian Culture 
Topics illustrating the ways in which culture in Canada resembles and is different from other cultures. The emphasis is on the 20th century. Materials to be used include fiction, poetry, folklore, the visual arts and various social and historical studies. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: AP/HUMA 1740 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/HUMA 1740 6.00, AS/HUMA 1200 9.00.

GL/MODR 1711 6.00 Critical Thinking 
An introduction to reasoning in the humanities. The focus is the presentation of issues and arguments in major texts and articles. The aim of the course is to develop the student's ability to read, write and think critically. Note: Only one in the MODR 17xx 6.00 series may be taken for credit.

GL/MODR 1717 6.00 Critical Thinking in Medical Ethics: The Problem of Cloning 
The aim of this course is to develop skills in critical thinking through the study of elementary logic and argument analysis, and to use these skills to explore some of the most significant and pressing issues in medical ethics. Of the topics in medical ethics covered, the main focus will be on the ethical and scientific aspects of human cloning. Course credit exclusions: GL/MODR 1701 6.00(EN) Fall/Winter 2002-2003.
Note: Only one in the MODR 17xx 6.00 series may be taken for credit.

AP/HUMA 1400 9.00 Culture and Society in East Asia 
Introduction to traditional East Asian civilization by examining daily life in 18th-century Peking and Edo (Tokyo), and their rural hinterland. Topics include the physical setting, social distinctions and occupations, arts and crafts, religion, literature and entertainment. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 1400 9.00.

AP/SOSC 1731 9.00 CyberCities: The Community and Communication in Changing Urban Areas 
Technology's impact on cities is examined, with emphasis on institutions and landscapes. Changes of metropolitan form, issues of community formation, and emerging patterns of work, leisure and urban life are explored in the context of shifting modes of electronic communication. Note: Internet Course. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/SOSC 1731 9.00.

AP/HUMA 1905 9.00 Dangerous Visions, Brave New Worlds: The Science Fiction Culture and Our Scientific Age 
This course explores how the medium of science fiction has given cultural expression to changing attitudes towards modern science and technology. Topics include science fiction and the computer, relativity and quantum theory, religious belief, genetics and potential apocalypses. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 1905 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2915 9.00 Darwin, Einstein and the Humanities (retired)
This course is concerned with the origins and impact of the ideas of two of the most significant scientists of the modern era, Charles Darwin and Albert Einstein. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: SC/STS 3750 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/STS 3750 6.00 (prior to Summer 2006), AS/HUMA 2915 9.00 and SC/STS 3750 6.00.

AP/HUMA 2195 9.00 Defining Europe: Introduction to European Studies (retired)
An introduction to European studies from the Medieval period to the present, exploring the subject both thematically and chronologically using an interdisciplinary approach. The course draws on a diverse range of sources, incorporating literature, art and film. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 2195 9.00.

AP/SOSC 1750 9.00 Development of Urban Economies: Comparing Canada and the Third World 
This course compares urban economic development in Canada and the Third World in terms of industrialization, urbanization and economic dependency. Themes are: colonial cities and industrial dependence; the multinational corporation, technological dependence and urban employment; urban problems and alternative solutions. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/SOSC 1740 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/SOSC 1740 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2680 9.00 Early Times: Literature and the Imagination of the Child (retired)
The course is centered, in the reading and discussion of literature written for, appropriated by, or in a particular sense related to children. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/EN 3820 6.00, AS/HUMA 2680 9.00.

AP/SOSC 1911 9.00 Education and Social Change 
This course examines the development of educational systems against the background of a changing social structure. The question of "education for what" is stressed in understanding historical and contemporary school systems. The course emphasizes the Canadian educational experience. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/SOSC 1919 9.00, AP/HREQ/SOSC 1800 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOSC 1800 6.00, AS/SOSC 1910 9.00 and AS/SOSC 1919 9.00.

AP/SOSC 1919 9.00 Education and Social Change (ESL) 
This course examines the development of educational systems against the background of a changing social structure. The question of "education for what" is stressed in understanding historical and contemporary school systems. The course emphasizes the Canadian educational experience. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/HREQ/SOSC 1800 6.00, AP/SOSC 1910 9.00. Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOSC 1800 6.00, AS/SOSC 1910 9.00 and AS/SOSC 1919 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2110 9.00 Egypt in the Greek and Roman Mediterranean (retired)
An examination of Egypt and Egyptians in the imagination and history of the cultures of the Greek and Roman Mediterranean. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 2110 9.00.

SC/NATS 1810 6.00 Energy 
Conversion technology of current and possible future energy sources is described. The extent of the resource base of each and the environmental consequences of utilization are discussed, with emphasis on nuclear power and energy policies of Ontario and Canada. Three lecture hours, one tutorial hour. Two terms. Six credits. Course credit exclusion: AK/NATS 1780 6.00.

SC/NATS 1690 6.00 Evolution 
Origin and diversification of life forms on Earth. Introduction to the historical development of evolutionary theory. Classification of living things and to scientific explanations of how biological diversity has arisen. Three lecture hours a week. Two laboratory hours every other week. Six credits. Course credit exclusions: AK/NATS 1770 6.00, AK/NATS 1820 6.00, AK/NATS 1860 6.00, SC/NATS 1610 6.00, SC/NATS 1640 6.00, SC/NATS 1650 6.00, SC/NATS 1660 6.00, SC/NATS 1675 6.00. NCR Note: This course is not open to any student who has passed or is taking SC/BIOL 1000 3.00, SC/BIOL 1001 3.00 or SC/BIOL 1010 6.00.

AP/HUMA 1840 9.00 Existence, Freedom and Meaning: The Idea of Human in European Thought 
Major works of literature, philosophy, religion and science since the Renaissance are read and discussed in a search for the distinctively human. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 1840 9.00.

SC/NATS 1570 3.00 Exploring the Solar System 
This course considers the science of the Solar System, including the structure of the planets and other objects within it, as well as its dynamic processes. Course credit exclusions: SC/NATS 1740 6.00, SC/NATS 1880 6.00, SC/NATS 1750 6.00. NCR Note: No credit will be retained if this course is taken after the successful completion of SC/PHYS 1070 3.00. One term per year. Three credits. Three lecture hours per week. Two hour laboratory/tutorial biweekly. Not open to any students enrolled in the Astronomy Stream.

AP/HUMA 1625 9.00 Fantasy and Topographies of Imagination 
This course utilizes a variety of materials to explore fantasy in the West, not as the opposite of reality, but as how people imagine/give meaning to their experiences, thereby both shaping and resisting the realities of Western cultures. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: AP/HUMA 1630 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AS/HUMA 1625 9.00, AS/HUMA 1630 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2670 9.00 Film and Literature 
Film images in their flux often demand that we uncritically accept them. This course will investigate their meanings and truth and seek to develop a critical discourse for film by means of strategies drawn from the study of literary texts. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: AP/HUMA 2670 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 2670 9.00.

AP/COMN 2840 9.00 Film and Society (retired)
This course concentrates on the Hollywood cinema from 1939 to 1964, a period that includes World War Two and the Cold War. It investigates fictional narrative film and its relation to entertainment, art, ideology and political discourse. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/SOSC 2840 9.00.

AP/SOSC 2840 9.00 Film and Society (retired)
This course concentrates on the Hollywood cinema from 1939 to 1964, a period that includes World War Two and the Cold War. It investigates fictional narrative film and its relation to entertainment, art, ideology and political discourse. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/SOSC 2840 9.00.

SC/NATS 1910 6.00 Food, Science and Technology 
A study of what food is, where it comes from and the roles various foods play in human nutrition and health. Topics include scientific and technological aspects of modern food production such as genetics, farming, fishing, and beverage industries. Three lecture hours. Two terms. Six credits.

SC/NATS 1575 3.00 Forensic Science - An Introduction 
Forensic Science is the application of Science to law. This course introduces the principles of science, techniques and role of the expert witness in crime. Topics in analysis of Drugs, fire residues, blood spatter, DNA, Anthropology, Psychology, and societal relevance will be considered. One term. Three credits. Course credit exclusions: NCR Note: This course is not available for credit for any students who have taken or who are taking SC/CHEM 1000 3.00 or SC/CHEM 1001 3.00 or the equivalents.

AP/HUMA 1630 9.00 Forms Of Fantasy 
This course explores the development of fantasy in the Western imagination through a variety of interdisciplinary materials, with special emphasis given to the links between fantasy and culture, politics, marginality, and the articulation of unconscious desires. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit.Course credit exclusion: AP/HUMA 1625 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AS/HUMA 1625 9.00, AS/HUMA 1630 9.00.

AP/SOSC 2340 9.00 Foundations of Business and Society (retired)
An introduction to business and society studies, emphasizing the interaction of economic and social development globally and in the Canadian context, and introducing the perspectives of economics, mathematics and statistics, political science, psychology, labour studies and sociology. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/SOSC 2340 9.00.

AP/SOSC 2349 9.00 Foundations of Business and Society (ESL) (retired)
An introduction to business and society studies, emphasizing the interaction of economic and social development globally and in the Canadian context, and introducing the perspectives of economics, mathematics and statistics, political science, psychology, labour studies and sociology. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/SOSC 2349 9.00.

SC/NATS 1855 6.00 Frontiers in Modern Science 
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/SOSC 1350 9.00 Gender and the Law 
This course explores the role of gender within the context of the legal system. Current issues that highlight the relationship between gender and law are examined by analyzing both legislation and case law. Topics include: divorce, rape and equal pay. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: AP/SOSC 1350 9.00 (prior to Fall 2011). PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/SOSC 1350 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2190 9.00 Germany Through the Ages: Culture and Society (retired)
This course introduces students to the culture of Germany and the German-speaking countries from a North American perspective. The course takes an intercultural and interdisciplinary approach to key aspects of the literary, artistic, political and social history of these countries. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AS/GER 2790 9.00, AS/HUMA 2190 9.00.

AP/GER 2790 9.00 Germany Through the Ages: Culture and Society (retired)
This course introduces students to the culture of Germany and the German-speaking countries from a North American perspective. The course takes an intercultural and interdisciplinary approach to key aspects of the literary, artistic, political and social history of these countries. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AS/GER 2790 9.00, AS/HUMA 2190 9.00.

AP/HUMA 1110 9.00 Greek and Biblical Traditions 
The stories, symbols and myths of Greek and Biblical literature have provided the basic images for Western society's interpretation of itself and its experience. An examination of Greek and Biblical traditions which inform personal and community life today. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: AP/HUMA 1710 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/HUMA 1710 6.00, AS/HUMA 1110 9.00.

AP/HREQ 1930 6.00 Health and Equity 
Examines the interrelationship of disease, health, and medicine and the link of these in turn to socio-economic structure, political and cultural context, and physical environment. Students will study questions of equity in the Canadian health experience by comparing it to other healing traditions and institutions. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/SOSC 1930 6.00.

AP/SOSC 1930 6.00 Health and Equity 
Examines the interrelationship of disease, health, and medicine and the link of these in turn to socio-economic structure, political and cultural context, and physical environment. Students will study questions of equity in the Canadian health experience by comparing it to other healing traditions and institutions. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/SOSC 1930 6.00.

AP/SOSC 1801 6.00 Health Controversies: Issues of Health, Illness and Society 
This course provides an interdisciplinary introduction to critical controversies in health and society. Health controversies provide an interesting and effective way to study the political, economic, sociocultural and historical aspects of health, illness and healing. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/SOSC 1801 6.00, AP/SOSC 1809 6.00.

AP/SOSC 1801 9.00 Health Controversies: Issues of Health, Illness and Society 
This course provides an interdisciplinary introduction to critical controversies in health and society. Health controversies provide an interesting and effective way to study the political, economic, sociocultural and historical aspects of health, illness and healing. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/SOSC 1801 6.00, AP/SOSC 1809 6.00.

AP/SOSC 1809 6.00 Health Controversies: Issues of Health, Illness and Society (ESL) 
This course provides an interdisciplinary introduction to critical controversies in health and society. Health controversies provide an interesting and effective way to study the political, economic, sociocultural and historical aspects of health, illness and healing. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/SOSC 1801 6.00, AP/SOSC 1801 9.00.

AP/SOSC 2150 9.00 Health in Crisis: Issues of Health Environments and Poverty (retired)
This course introduces students to issues of environmental health and poverty, which have created crises in personal and social well-being. Students will assess international, historical and contemporary examples which relate to these issues. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/SOCI 3660 6.00, AP/SOSC 2150 6.00, GL/SOCI 2685 3.00 and GL/SOSC 2685 3.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOSC 3450 6.00, AS/SOCI 3660 6.00, AS/SOSC 2150 9.00, GL/SOCI 2685 3.00 and GL/SOSC 2685 3.00.

AP/SOSC 2159 9.00 Health in Crisis: Issues of Health Environments and Poverty (ESL) (retired)
This course introduces students to issues of environmental health and poverty, which have created crises in personal and social well-being. Students will assess international, historical and contemporary examples which relate to these issues. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/SOCI 3660 6.00, AP/SOSC 2150 9.00, GL/SOCI 2685 3.00 and GL/SOSC 2685 3.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOSC 3450 6.00, AS/SOCI 3660 6.00, AS/SOSC 2150 9.00, GL/SOCI 2685 3.00 and GL/SOSC 2685 3.00.

SC/NATS 1745 6.00 History of Astronomy 
Astronomy from a historical perspective. A selective survey of astronomical knowledge, techniques, applications and uses from the earliest civilizations to the present. Three lecture hours. Two terms. Six credits. Course credit exclusion: AK/NATS 1750 6.00.

SC/NATS 1650 6.00 Human Anatomy for the Fine Arts 
An introductory course on the structure and function of the human body specifically oriented towards the needs of students in Fine Arts. Body systems are studied from anatomical, physiological and biomechanical perspectives. Included as well are on-going references to nutrition, athletic injuries, and health and wellness. Two lecture hours, two laboratory hours. Two terms. Six credits. Course credit exclusions: AS/SC/KINE 2031 3.00, HH/KINE 2031 3.00, SC/NATS 1610 6.00, SC/NATS 1660 6.00, SC/NATS 1690 6.00, AK/NATS 1820 6.00. NCR Note: This course is not open to any student who has passed or is taking SC/BIOL 1000 3.00, SC/BIOL 1001 3.00 or SC/BIOL 1010 6.00.

SC/NATS 1620 6.00 Human Biology: Brain and Behaviour 
The first term examines nerve cells, drug action, visual and auditory systems, and neural bases of learning and memory. Brain imaging is discussed. The second term focuses on muscle control, brain development, human genetics and brain evolution. Three lecture hours for two terms, two laboratory hours for one term. Six credits. Note: Not open to students enrolled in the Biology program.

SC/NATS 1675 6.00 Human Development 
Biological development of the human being including the formation of germ cells, fertilization, embryological development, transmission of genetic and chromosomal characteristics and the structure of growing tissues. Emphasis may be placed on child development, learning, human evolution or aging. Three lecture hours for two terms. Six credits. Course credit exclusions: AK/NATS 1820 6.00, SC/NATS 1610 6.00, SC/NATS 1650 6.00, SC/NATS 1660 6.00, SC/NATS 1690 6.00. NCR Note: This course is not open to any student who has passed or is taking SC/BIOL 1000 3.00, SC/BIOL 1001 3.00 or SC/BIOL 1010 6.00.

AP/SOSC 1210 9.00 Human Rights and Canadian Minorities 
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/SOSC 1210 9.00 Human Rights in a Socio-legal Context 
This interdisciplinary course examines Canadian attitudes, institutional practices, and government policies affecting opportunities for full participation in Canadian society for various Canadian minorities, ethnic and religious groups, homosexuals, women, the aged, disabled and poor. Strategies for change are critically analyzed. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/SOSC 1210 9.00 (prior to Fall 2011). PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/SOSC 1210 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2320 9.00 Ideas of America: The Cultures of North America (retired)
This course addresses cultural developments and transformations in North America from the period of European contact to the present. Following a comparative investigation of imperialism and nationalism in shaping the cultures of Canada, the United States and Mexico, the course offers a close examination of North America in the 20th century devoting particular attention to the realm of popular culture. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 2320 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2440 9.00 India: Life, Culture and the Arts (retired)
This course examines contemporary life and society in India as it is going through a process of all round development, reintegrating traditions and responding to new influences. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 2440 9.00.

AP/HREQ 1960 6.00 Indigenous Resistance in Global Contexts 
Examines the stories of how Indigenous communities around the world resist assaults on their lands and cultures, both historically and at present. With an interdisciplinary approach, students learn about Indigenous peoples' relationships with the natural world and about their approaches to social issues. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ.

AP/SOSC 1960 6.00 Indigenous Resistance in Global Contexts 
Examines the stories of how Indigenous communities around the world resist assaults on their lands and cultures, both historically and at present. With an interdisciplinary approach, students learn about Indigenous peoples? relationships with the natural world and about their approaches to social issues. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ.

AP/COMN 2312 9.00 Information and Technology (retired)
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/SOSC 2312 9.00 Information and Technology (retired)
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/COMN 2319 9.00 Information and Technology (ESL) (retired)
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/SOSC 2319 9.00 Information and Technology (ESL) (retired)
This course focuses on critical stances with which to view our society's preoccupation with information and technology. Different models and theoretical approaches are used to understand how information and technology affect social change. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/COMN 2312 6.00, AP/COMN 2312 9.00, AP/COMN 2319 9.00 (prior to Fall 2012). PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AS/SOSC 2080 9.00 (prior to Fall/Winter 2003-2004), AS/SOSC 2089 9.00 (prior to Fall/Winter 2003-2004), AS/SOSC 2312 6.00, AS/SOSC 2312 9.00 and AS/SOSC 2319 9.00.

AP/COMN 2519 9.00 Information and Technology (ESL) (retired)
This course focuses on critical stances with which to view our society's preoccupation with information and technology. Different models and theoretical approaches are used to understand how information and technology affect social change. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/COMN 2312 6.00, AP/COMN 2312 9.00, AP/COMN 2319 9.00 (prior to Fall 2012).

PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AS/SOSC 2080 9.00 (prior to Fall/Winter 2003-2004), AS/SOSC 2089 9.00 (prior to Fall/Winter 2003-2004), AS/SOSC 2312 6.00, AS/SOSC 2312 9.00 and AS/SOSC 2319 9.00.

AP/SOSC 1130 9.00 International Migration 
This course examines why people leave their native lands and what becomes of them in countries to which they migrate, with particular reference to the impact of the immigration of the host country, using Canadian examples. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/GEOG 2310 6.00, AP/MIST 2000 6.00, AP/REI 2000 6.00 (prior to Fall 2013), AP/SOSC 1139 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AS/GEOG 2310 6.00, AS/SOSC 1130 9.00, AS/SOSC 1139 9.00 and AK/SOSC 2000 6.00.

AP/SOSC 1139 9.00 International Migration (ESL) 
This course examines why people leave their native lands and what becomes of them in countries to which they migrate, with particular reference to the impact of the immigration of the host country, using Canadian examples. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/GEOG 2310 6.00, AP/MIST 2000 6.00, AP/REI 2000 6.00 (prior to Fall 2013), AP/SOSC 1130 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOSC 2000 6.00, AS/SOSC 1139 9.00, AS/GEOG 2310 6.00 and AS/SOSC 1130 9.00.

AP/SOSC 1030 9.00 Introduction to Aboriginal Studies: International and Canadian Indigenous Issues 
Introduction to Indigenous Issues provides a multi-disciplinary, theoretical and empirical overview of pre-colonial, colonial and post-colonial experiences of selected Indigenous peoples from around the world. This course examines issues of Indigenous histories, cultures, politics, and rights, internationally and in Canada. This course is a core/requisite course for the Certificate in Aboriginal Studies. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit.Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/SOSC 1030 9.00

AP/SOSC 2480 9.00 Introduction to African Studies (retired)
The course explores common themes in the social organization, history and cultural heritage of Africa's diverse peoples. It then moves to examine the impact of colonialism, and the struggle to develop politically and economically viable nation-states in the post-colonial era. The work of African writers, artists and statesmen furnishes an important contribution to the course's understanding of Africa, past and present. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/SOSC 2480 9.00.

AP/SOSC 1340 9.00 Introduction to Business and Society 
This course introduces major themes in the field of business and society, including various theoretical approaches and concepts. Particular attention is paid to specific historical developments in the rise of the capitalist economy, and the social transformations associated with these developments. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for General Education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/SOSC 1340 6.00, AP/SOSC 1349 6.00, AP/SOSC 1349 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/SOSC 1340 3.00.

AP/SOSC 1349 9.00 Introduction to Business and Society (ESL) 
This course introduces major themes in the field of business and society, including various theoretical approaches and concepts. Particular attention is paid to specific historical developments in the rise of the capitalist economy, and the social transformations associated with these developments. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for General Education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/SOSC 1340 6.00, AP/SOSC 1340 9.00, AP/SOSC 1349 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/SOSC 1340 3.00.

AP/HUMA 2690 9.00 Introduction to Children's Studies (retired)
Course Retired/Expired: S2011. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in S2011.

AP/SOSC 2410 9.00 Introduction to Communication Studies (retired)
The course explores major contributions to the study of communication from a variety of perspectives: the behavioural and social sciences, the humanities and fine arts, biology and engineering. Topics include language, the analysis of messages, cultures as complex media systems, technologies of communication, ideology and mass media and the political economy of information. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Prerequisite: A 1000-level social science course. Course credit exclusion: AP/SOSC 2410 6.00, AP/SOSC 1310 9.00. Prior TO FALL 2009: Prerequisite: A 1000-level social science course. Course credit exclusion: AK/SOSC 2410 6.00, AK/SOSC 2410 9.00, AS/SOSC 1310 9.00.

AP/COMN 1310 9.00 Introduction to Communications 
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/SOSC 1310 9.00 Introduction to Communications 
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/SOSC 1650 9.00 Introduction to Criminology 
Not offered as of F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to F2012.

AP/CRIM 1650 9.00 Introduction to Criminology 
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/SOSC 1440 9.00 Introduction to Cross-Cultural Studies: The Family, Production and Social Groups 
The course introduces basic issues in social science. We examine various methods and approaches designed to help understand, analyze and predict human behaviour. In particular we will focus on families and work in a variety of different cultures. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/SOSC 1440 9.00.

GL/WMST 2510 9.00 Introduction to Gender and Women's Studies (retired)
Course Retired/Expired: F2013. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2013.

GL/GWST 2510 9.00 Introduction to Gender and Women's Studies (retired)
Using an interdisciplinary approach, this course explores how many aspects of our lives are gendered, racialized, embodied, sexualized, and classed, and the consequences of these intersecting practices for social inequalities. Key debates within feminist scholarship are introduced to analyze issues of power and transformation. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/GL/GWST 2500 6.00, AP/GL/WMST 2500 6.00 (prior to Fall 2013), AP/GL/WMST 2510 9.00 (prior to Fall 2013), GL/SOSC 2950 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/AS/GL/WMST 2500 6.00, AK/AS/WMST 2510 9.00 and GL/SOSC 2950 6.00. Course credit exclusions: AP/HUMA 2930 9.00, AP/SOSC 2180 9.00 and AP/GL/WMST 2510 9.00.

GL/GWST 2510 9.00 Introduction to Gender and Women's Studies (retired)
Using an interdisciplinary approach, this course explores how many aspects of our lives are gendered, racialized, embodied, sexualized, and classed, and the consequences of these intersecting practices for social inequalities. Key debates within feminist scholarship are introduced to analyze issues of power and transformation. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/GL/GWST 2500 6.00, AP/GL/WMST 2500 6.00 (prior to Fall 2013), AP/GL/WMST 2510 9.00 (prior to Fall 2013), GL/SOSC 2950 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/AS/GL/WMST 2500 6.00, AK/AS/WMST 2510 9.00 and GL/SOSC 2950 6.00. Course credit exclusions: AP/HUMA 2930 9.00, AP/SOSC 2180 9.00 and AP/GL/WMST 2510 9.00.

AP/GWST 2510 9.00 Introduction to Gender and Women's Studies (retired)
Using an interdisciplinary approach, this course explores how many aspects of our lives are gendered, racialized, embodied, sexualized, and classed, and the consequences of these intersecting practices for social inequalities. Key debates within feminist scholarship are introduced to analyze issues of power and transformation. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/GL/GWST 2500 6.00, AP/GL/WMST 2500 6.00 (prior to Fall 2013), AP/GL/WMST 2510 9.00 (prior to Fall 2013), GL/SOSC 2950 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/AS/GL/WMST 2500 6.00, AK/AS/WMST 2510 9.00 and GL/SOSC 2950 6.00. Course credit exclusions: AP/HUMA 2930 9.00, AP/SOSC 2180 9.00 and AP/GL/WMST 2510 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2930 9.00 Introduction to Gender and Women's Studies (retired)
Using an interdisciplinary approach, this course explores how many aspects of our lives are gendered, racialized, embodied, sexualized, and classed, and the consequences of these intersecting practices for social inequalities. Key debates within feminist scholarship are introduced to analyze issues of power and transformation. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/GL/GWST 2500 6.00, AP/GL/WMST 2500 6.00 (prior to Fall 2013), AP/GL/WMST 2510 9.00 (prior to Fall 2013), GL/SOSC 2950 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/AS/GL/WMST 2500 6.00, AK/AS/WMST 2510 9.00 and GL/SOSC 2950 6.00. Course credit exclusions: AP/HUMA 2930 9.00, AP/SOSC 2180 9.00 and AP/GL/WMST 2510 9.00.

AP/GWST 2510 9.00 Introduction to Gender and Women's Studies (retired)
Using an interdisciplinary approach, this course explores how many aspects of our lives are gendered, racialized, embodied, sexualized, and classed, and the consequences of these intersecting practices for social inequalities. Key debates within feminist scholarship are introduced to analyze issues of power and transformation. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/GL/GWST 2500 6.00, AP/GL/WMST 2500 6.00 (prior to Fall 2013), AP/GL/WMST 2510 9.00 (prior to Fall 2013), GL/SOSC 2950 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/AS/GL/WMST 2500 6.00, AK/AS/WMST 2510 9.00 and GL/SOSC 2950 6.00. Course credit exclusions: AP/HUMA 2930 9.00, AP/SOSC 2180 9.00 and AP/GL/WMST 2510 9.00.

AP/WMST 2510 9.00 Introduction to Gender and Women's Studies (retired)
Course Retired/Expired: F2013. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2013.

GL/WMST 2510 9.00 Introduction to Gender and Women's Studies (retired)
Course Retired/Expired: F2013. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2013.

AP/WMST 2510 9.00 Introduction to Gender and Women's Studies (retired)
Course Retired/Expired: F2013. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2013.

AP/SOSC 2180 9.00 Introduction to Gender and Women's Studies (retired)
Using an interdisciplinary approach, this course explores how many aspects of our lives are gendered, racialized, embodied, sexualized, and classed, and the consequences of these intersecting practices for social inequalities. Key debates within feminist scholarship are introduced to analyze issues of power and transformation. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/GL/GWST 2500 6.00, AP/GL/WMST 2500 6.00 (prior to Fall 2013), AP/GL/WMST 2510 9.00 (prior to Fall 2013), GL/SOSC 2950 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/AS/GL/WMST 2500 6.00, AK/AS/WMST 2510 9.00 and GL/SOSC 2950 6.00. Course credit exclusions: AP/HUMA 2930 9.00, AP/SOSC 2180 9.00 and AP/GL/WMST 2510 9.00.

AP/HUMA 1951 9.00 Introduction to Gender: History, Culture and Ideology 
From the perspective of Humanities disciplines and popular culture, this course explores gender in the West as both subjective experience and social interactions. It traces how it has changed in response to historical developments and practices. It critically analyzes the categories of gender as modes of social control. These include sexuality, love, marriage, family, race, religious ideas and capitalism. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/HUMA 1950 6.00, AP/HUMA 1950 9.00 (prior to Fall 2013). PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/HUMA 1830 6.00, AS/HUMA 1950 6.00 and AS/HUMA 1950 9.00.

AP/SOSC 1430 9.00 Introduction to International Development Studies 
This course introduces students to the field of international development studies, which has emerged as a result of efforts to bring about development in Third World countries. It uses a critical and historical approach drawing on concrete case studies, to examine the assumptions, practices and consequences of development. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/HREQ/SOSC 1910 6.00, AP/SOSC 1439 9.00. Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOSC 1910 6.00, AS/SOSC 1430 9.00 and AS/SOSC 1439 9.00.

AP/SOSC 1439 9.00 Introduction to International Development Studies (ESL) 
This course introduces students to the field of international development studies, which has emerged as a result of efforts to bring about development in Third World countries. It uses a critical and historical approach drawing on concrete case studies, to examine the assumptions, practices and consequences of development. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/HREQ/SOSC 1910 6.00, AP/SOSC 1430 9.00. Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOSC 1910 6.00, AS/SOSC 1430 9.00 and AS/SOSC 1439 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2420 9.00 Introduction to Korean Culture (retired)
This course offers an introduction to the study of Korean culture through a historical survey of literary, social, religious and political trends from ancient times to the present. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 2420 9.00.

AP/SOSC 2571 9.00 Introduction to Modern Social and Political Thought (retired)
This course provides a broad introduction to the interdisciplinary study of modern social and political thought. Through critical readings and analyses of primary texts, students become familiar with the rise of the liberal tradition, focusing on critiques, defences and developments of its conceptions of the modern world. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AS/SOSC 1960 9.00 (prior to Summer 2007), AS/SOSC 2571 9.00.

AP/SOSC 1000 9.00 Introduction to Social Science 
The course considers the distinctive characteristics of modern society including the impact of modernization on the family, religion, economic behaviour, politics and belief systems. It introduces many of the major concepts social scientists use in analyzing how society works. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/SOSC 1009 9.00, AP/SOSC 2400 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOSC 2400 6.00, AS/SOSC 1000 9.00 and AS/SOSC 1009 9.00.

AP/SOSC 1009 9.00 Introduction to Social Science (ESL) 
The course considers the distinctive characteristics of modern society including the impact of modernization on the family, religion, economic behaviour, politics and belief systems. It introduces many of the major concepts social scientists use in analyzing how society works. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/HREQ 2400 6.00, AS/SOSC 1000 9.00.Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOSC 2400 6.00, AS/SOSC 1000 9.00.

AP/SOSC 1760 6.00 Introduction to the Political Economy of Canada 
This course will present a broad survey of the political, social and economic problems which are currently facing Canada. Among the issues discussed will be: the evolution of the Canadian class structure, regional conflicts, nationalism, Canadian independence, foreign control and separatism. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/SOSC 1760 6.00.

AP/HREQ 1760 6.00 Introduction to the Political Economy of Canada 
This course will present a broad survey of the political, social and economic problems which are currently facing Canada. Among the issues discussed will be: the evolution of the Canadian class structure, regional conflicts, nationalism, Canadian independence, foreign control and separatism. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/SOSC 1760 6.00.

AP/SOSC 1341 9.00 Introduction to the Social Economy 
This course introduces students to the social economy (including co-operatives, credit unions, worker-owned firms, non-profit social service organizations, etc.). It investigates the history of the social economy and its potential contributions to local, regional and international socio-economic development. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/SOSC 1341 9.00.

AP/SOSC 2600 9.00 Introduction to the Study of Religion (retired)
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/HUMA 2800 9.00 Introduction to the Study of Religion (retired)
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/HUMA 2970 9.00 Introduction to Traditional and Popular Culture (retired)
This course analyzes the form, meaning and content of traditional and popular levels of culture, and discusses the respective roles of each in the human environment. Its focus is on face-to-face oral human communication, as well as on communication carried out through the popular mass media. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AS/HUMA 1925 9.00 (prior to Fall/Winter 2002-2003), AS/HUMA 2970 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2800 9.00 Introduction to World Religions (retired)
A comparative examination of the history, literature, practices and social aspects of the religious traditions of South Asia (Buddhism, Hinduism), East Asia (China, Korea, Japan), Europe and West Asia (Judaism, Christianity and Islam), Africa and Native America. Note: Not all traditions will be offered in any given year. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/HUMA 1860 6.00, AP/HUMA 2800 9.00 (prior to Fall 2012). PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/HUMA 1860 6.00, AS/HUMA 2800 9.00.

AP/SOSC 2600 9.00 Introduction to World Religions (retired)
A comparative examination of the history, literature, practices and social aspects of the religious traditions of South Asia (Buddhism, Hinduism), East Asia (China, Korea, Japan), Europe and West Asia (Judaism, Christianity and Islam), Africa and Native America. Note: Not all traditions will be offered in any given year. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/HUMA 1860 6.00, AP/HUMA 2800 9.00 (prior to Fall 2012). PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/HUMA 1860 6.00, AS/HUMA 2800 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2815 9.00 Islamic Traditions (retired)
The course examines the beliefs, rituals, doctrines and teachings that have constituted the Islamic tradition from its inception until the present. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit.Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 2815 9.00.

AP/IT 2761 9.00 Italian Cinema, Literature and Society (retired)
The course focuses on 12 of the most significant films since the Second World War in the context of the radical changes that have taken place in Italy from the fall of Fascism to the present, and as critical statements on the phenomena connected with the rapid transformation of Italian society: industrialization and the economic miracle, urbanization, the crisis of traditional values, and postmodern fragmentation. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit.Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion:AS/IT 2761 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2761 9.00 Italian Cinema, Literature and Society (retired)
The course focuses on 12 of the most significant films since the Second World War in the context of the radical changes that have taken place in Italy from the fall of Fascism to the present, and as critical statements on the phenomena connected with the rapid transformation of Italian society: industrialization and the economic miracle, urbanization, the crisis of traditional values, and postmodern fragmentation. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion:AS/IT 2761 9.00.

AP/SOSC 2960 9.00 Italians in North America: Migration, Immigration, and Beyond (retired)
This course investigates the effects North American culture and language have on the lives of Italian immigrants and their descendants. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: AP/IT 2791 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/IT 2791 9.00, AS/SOSC 2960 9.00.

AP/IT 2791 9.00 Italians in North America: Migration, Immigration, and Beyond (retired)
This course investigates the effects North American culture and language have on the lives of Italian immigrants and their descendants. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: AP/IT 2791 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/IT 2791 9.00, AS/SOSC 2960 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2435 9.00 Japanese Culture, Literature and Film (retired)
An introduction to Japanese culture centred around comparisons of major classical, modern and postmodern literary works - including manga comics - as well as their screen adaptations or other related films and anime. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AS/HUMA 2435 9.00, AS/HUMA 3420 6.00 (prior to Fall/Winter 2004-2005), AS/JP 3720 6.00 (prior to Fall/Winter 2004-2005), FA/FILM 3710 6.00 (prior to Fall/Winter 2004-2005).

AP/FR 2005 9.00 Key Aspects of French Culture (retired)
This course explores key aspects of French culture through representative readings of major figures in literature, art, philosophy, and social and political thought, from the Renaissance to post-war France. Note: This course will not count for major or minor credit in French studies. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AS/FR 2005 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2005 9.00 Key Aspects of French Culture (retired)
This course explores key aspects of French culture through representative readings of major figures in literature, art, philosophy, and social and political thought, from the Renaissance to post-war France. Note: This course will not count for major or minor credit in French studies. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AS/FR 2005 9.00.

AP/SOSC 2210 9.00 Labour Relations in Canada (retired)
An introduction to the relations between labour and management in Canada, especially the changing nature of the workplace, the evolution of the Canadian labour movement, the role of the Canadian state, the operation of collective bargaining structures and a wide range of contemporary issues in labour relations. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/SOSC 2210 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2115 9.00 Law & Culture in the Ancient World (retired)
An investigation of the relationship between law and culture in the Ancient World and how cultural values and symbols intrude in the law, and how the law in turn appears in, and shapes, ritual art and literature. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 2115 9.00.

AP/HUMA 1825 9.00 Law and Morality 
This course examines aspects of the relationships between law and morality. Questions include: What is law? What is morality? How do they overlap, and how are they different? Should the law enforce morality? How do these issues affect our daily lives? Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit.Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 1825 9.00.

SC/NATS 1880 6.00 Life Beyond Earth 
This course considers the various factors required for life to exist beyond Earth, both life that may have evolved elsewhere and what would be necessary for humans moving out into space. Three lecture hours per week plus alternate week tutorial/laboratory sessions of two hours. Two terms. Six credits. Course credit exclusions: SC/NATS 1570 3.00, SC/NATS 1740 6.00. NCR Note: Not open to any student in the Astronomy stream nor to any student who has passed or is taking SC/PHYS 1070 3.00, SC/BIOL 1010 6.00, SC/BIOL 1000 3.00, SC/BIOL 1001 3.00 or AP/ANTH 3270 3.00.

SC/NATS 1720 6.00 Light and Sound 
How light and sound waves travel and transfer energy. Topics will include: sound waves and musical instruments; light waves and stars; technologies such as lasers and CDs; rainbows and mirages. Three lecture hours a week. Two laboratory hours every other week. Two terms. Six credits. Course credit exclusions: AK/NATS 1870 6.00, SC/NATS 1520 3.00, SC/NATS 1870 6.00

GL/LIN 1716 6.00 Logique formelle et informelle 
Le cours a pour but de faire connaître à l'étudiant les moyens de distinguer les bons raisonnements des mauvais. Un texte élémentaire de logique sera utilisé comme livre de référence. Le cours poursuivra aussi une étude détaillée de textes choisis. Note: Only one in the MODR 17xx 6.00 series may be taken for credit.

GL/MODR 1716 6.00 Logique formelle et informelle 
Le cours a pour but de faire connaître à l'étudiant les moyens de distinguer les bons raisonnements des mauvais. Un texte élémentaire de logique sera utilisé comme livre de référence. Le cours poursuivra aussi une étude détaillée de textes choisis. Note: Only one in the MODR 17xx 6.00 series may be taken for credit.

AP/HREQ 1920 6.00 Male-Female Relationships 
This course explores some of the basic issues which influence male-female relationships and experience in Western society. Property, sexuality, socialization and culture are considered with attention to the social science literature in these areas as well as contemporary expressions in male-female relationships. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/SOSC 1920 6.00.

AP/SOSC 1920 6.00 Male-Female Relationships 
This course explores some of the basic issues which influence male-female relationships and experience in Western society. Property, sexuality, socialization and culture are considered with attention to the social science literature in these areas as well as contemporary expressions in male-female relationships. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/SOSC 1920 6.00.

AP/SOSC 1520 9.00 Markets and Democracy: The Development of Industrial Society 
The development of industrial capitalism has entailed profound changes in ways of living. The course will consider the spread of the market economy, the industrialization of production and the associated transformation of social and political institutions and ideas. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/HREQ/SOSC 1720 6.00. Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOSC 1720 6.00, AS/SOSC 1520 9.00.

SC/NATS 1830 6.00 Matter and Structure 
From atomic structure comes molecular structure, and, in turn, come the physical properties of matter composed of atoms and molecules. The relationship between physical properties and usefulness of materials is developed. The role of science in developing new materials is discussed. Three lecture hours per week, two tutorial/laboratory hours in alternate weeks. Two terms. Six credits. Course credit exclusion: SC/NATS 1820 6.00. NCR Note: No credit will be retained if this course is taken after successful completion of SC/CHEM 1000 3.00 or SC/CHEM 10001 3.00. Not open to any students enrolled in the Chemistry program.

AP/COMN 2314 9.00 Media, Culture and Society (retired)
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/SOSC 2314 9.00 Media, Culture and Society (retired)
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/HUMA 2640 9.00 Modes of Fantasy (retired)
An examination of the various modes, models, functions and traditions of fantasy, this course includes consideration of mythology and folklore material, utopian and dystopian literature, romance and horror, psychological studies, and speculative fiction. Historical contexts are examined in detail, drawing on appropriate theoretical materials and classic fantasy texts. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 2640 9.00.

SC/NATS 1820 6.00 Molecules and the Mind 
A study of the role of chemistry in contemporary society. Relevant topics are selected each year to show how chemistry impinges upon daily life. Important historical perspectives and basic concepts, such as energy and atomic/molecular structure, are introduced as background. Three lecture hours, one tutorial hour. Two terms. Six credits. Course credit exclusion: SC/NATS 1830 6.00. NCR Note: No credit will be retained if this course is taken after successful completion of SC/CHEM 1000 3.00 or SC/CHEM 1001 3.00. Not open to any students enrolled in the Chemistry program.

AP/SOSC 2830 9.00 Music and Society (retired)
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/COMN 2830 9.00 Music and Society (retired)
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/HUMA 1105 9.00 Myth and Imagination in Ancient Greece and Rome 
An introduction to ancient and modern myths and theories about myths and mythology in comparative perspectives and their influences on modern literature and art. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit.Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 1105 9.00.

AP/SOSC 2040 9.00 Nature and Human Nature (retired)
An enquiry into the biological dimensions of human culture with emphasis on findings of evolutionary theory, zoology and primate studies in order to understand the evolutionary determinants of primitive and modern societies. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: SC/STS 3750 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/STS 3750 6.00, AS/SOSC 2040 9.00.

GL/WMST 2510 9.00 On Women: An Introduction to Women's Studies (retired)
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/HUMA 2930 9.00 On Women: An Introduction to Women's Studies (retired)
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/SOSC 2180 9.00 On Women: An Introduction to Women's Studies (retired)
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/WMST 2510 9.00 On Women: An Introduction to Women's Studies (retired)
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/WMST 2510 9.00 On Women: An Introduction to Women's Studies (retired)
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

GL/WMST 2510 9.00 On Women: An Introduction to Women's Studies  (retired)
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/HUMA 1770 6.00 One World: Historical and Cultural Perspectives of Globalization 
Explores the social and cultural interactions of the peoples of the World from pre-history to the 21st century with the main emphasis placed on the period between 1500 and the present. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit.Course credit exclusions: None. Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/HUMA 1770 6.00.

AP/HREQ 1940 6.00 Ontario: Problems and Prospects 
An introduction to the social sciences through a study of problems that face Ontario in the twenty first century. Included is an examination of policy debates about free trade, new technology, energy and resource development, the future of manufacturing and federal-provincial relations. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/SOSC 1940 6.00.

AP/SOSC 1940 6.00 Ontario: Problems and Prospects 
An introduction to the social sciences through a study of problems that face Ontario in the twenty first century. Included is an examination of policy debates about free trade, new technology, energy and resource development, the future of manufacturing and federal-provincial relations. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/SOSC 1940 6.00.

AP/SOSC 1710 6.00 People in Society 
A consideration of the theoretical and empirical contributions of anthropology, psychology and sociology to the understanding of people as related to their environment. Topics will include: the foundations of interpersonal behaviour, socialization; the development of culturally shared values and beliefs, and their relation to personality. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusion: AP/SOSC 1140 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOSC 1710 6.00, AS/SOSC 1140 9.00.

AP/HREQ 1710 6.00 People in Society 
A consideration of the theoretical and empirical contributions of anthropology, psychology and sociology to the understanding of people as related to their environment. Topics will include: the foundations of interpersonal behaviour, socialization; the development of culturally shared values and beliefs, and their relation to personality. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusion: AP/SOSC 1140 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOSC 1710 6.00, AS/SOSC 1140 9.00.

AP/SOSC 2570 9.00 Perspectives on Human Nature and Political Thought (retired)
This course investigates conceptions of what it is to be a human being in the context of social, cultural and political relations. Major themes include the relationships between authority and critique, autonomy and democracy and art and politics. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/SOSC 2570 9.00.

SC/NATS 1945 6.00 Physics and Technology for Future World Leaders 
This course presents the most interesting and important topics in physics, stressing conceptual understanding rather than emphasizing the math, and with applications to current events and technologies. No prior knowledge of physics is required. Prerequisites: None. Corequisites: None

AP/HREQ 1040 6.00 Power and Society: Critical Issues in Social Science 
Introduces students to issues of importance within social science, such as human culture and socialization, consumerism, mass media, self and society, social psychology, social control, race and colonialism, the environment and globalization. The main course themes are the social construction of reality, the power dynamics that shape society, and the social justice perspective. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/HREQ 2400 6.00 (prior to Fall 2011), AP/SOSC 1000 9.00, AP/ SOSC 1009 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AS/SOSC 1000 9.00, AS/SOSC 1009 9.00, AK/SOSC 2400 6.00.

AP/SOSC 1040 6.00 Power and Society: Critical Issues in Social Science 
Introduces students to issues of importance within social science, such as human culture and socialization, consumerism, mass media, self and society, social psychology, social control, race and colonialism, the environment and globalization. The main course themes are the social construction of reality, the power dynamics that shape society, and the social justice perspective. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/HREQ 2400 6.00 (prior to Fall 2011), AP/SOSC 1000 9.00, AP/ SOSC 1009 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AS/SOSC 1000 9.00, AS/SOSC 1009 9.00, AK/SOSC 2400 6.00.

AP/WRIT 1700 9.00 Professional Writing: Process and Practice 
This course considers a wide range of written expression including fiction, nonfiction, poetry and technical/business writing, with an emphasis on the theory and practice of writing. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: AP/WRIT 1980 9.00 (prior to Fall 2012). PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/EN 1980 9.00.

AP/HUMA 1700 9.00 Professional Writing: Process and Practice 
This course considers a wide range of written expression including fiction, nonfiction, poetry and technical/business writing, with an emphasis on the theory and practice of writing. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: AP/WRIT 1980 9.00 (prior to Fall 2012). PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/EN 1980 9.00.

AP/EN 1700 9.00 Professional Writing: Process and Practice 
This course considers a wide range of written expression including fiction, nonfiction, poetry and technical/business writing, with an emphasis on the theory and practice of writing. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit.
Course credit exclusion: AP/WRIT 1980 9.00 (prior to Fall 2012).

PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/EN 1980 9.00.

AP/WRIT 1980 9.00 Professional Writing: Process and Practice 
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/HUMA 1980 9.00 Professional Writing: Process and Practice 
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/SOSC 1950 6.00 Prospects and Perils in the 21st Century 
Examines from a social science perspective the prospects of technology, bioscience, and information management, versus such perils as environmental degradation, terrorism, organized crime, and pandemics that are evidently emerging around us. Students will address emerging issues and formulate responses. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/SOSC 1950 6.00.

AP/HREQ 1950 6.00 Prospects and Perils in the 21st Century 
Examines from a social science perspective the prospects of technology, bioscience, and information management, versus such perils as environmental degradation, terrorism, organized crime, and pandemics that are evidently emerging around us. Students will address emerging issues and formulate responses. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/SOSC 1950 6.00.

AP/MODR 1760 6.00 Reasoning About Morality and Values 
This course uses examples drawn from areas of thought where value judgments are made. Different sections will stress different topics in ethics, aesthetics, religion or law. Course credit exclusions: None. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit.Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/MODR 1760 6.00.

AP/MODR 1730 6.00 Reasoning About Social Issues 
The particular focus of this course is on the mass media concerning social issues, different positions taken on issues such as abortion, euthanasia, pornography, immigration etc. Typical examples are to be analyzed. Course credit exclusions: None. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/MODR 1730 6.00.

AP/MODR 1710 6.00 Reasoning About Women and Sexism 
The aim of this course is to foster skills in critical reasoning, reading, and writing through the study of issues relating to reproductive rights, sexual discrimination and sexuality. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: AK/MODR 1700A 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/MODR 1710 6.00.

AP/HUMA 2105 9.00 Roman Literature and Culture (retired)
An introduction to Roman literature and culture, circa 200 BC to AD 200. Emphasis is placed on the literature, art and architecture of the Romans and on the impact of Roman culture on those peoples under Roman rule. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 2105 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2160 9.00 Romanticism and Its Legacy (retired)
A study of Romanticism and its aftermath with emphasis on its values as expressed in the arts, using historical, literary, musical and philosophical texts and works from the visual arts. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AS/HUMA 2160 6.00 (prior to Summer 1998), AS/HUMA 2160 9.00.

AP/HUMA 1730 6.00 Roots Of Modern America 
The Roots of Modern America. An exploration of ideas, images and events which have created the culture of the United States using literature, art, and social and political commentary. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/HUMA 1730 6.00.

SC/NATS 1850 6.00 Science and Pseudoscience 
Such topics as astrology, extrasensory perception, the ideas of Velikovsky, as examples of beliefs which meet with little approval in the scientific community. Methodological and social criteria by which science functions in contrast with the attitudes prevalent among those operating along its fringes. Three lecture hours. Two terms. Six credits. Course credit exclusion: AK/NATS 1850 6.00.

AP/HUMA 1910 9.00 Science and the Humanities: Nature and Human Nature 
This course investigates how scientific thinking about the place of human beings in nature involves humanistic thinking about the place of nature in being human. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/HIST 2810 6.00, AP/STS 2010 6.00, SC/STS 2010 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/HIST 2120 6.00, AK/STS 2010 6.00 (prior to Summer 2006), AS/HUMA 1910 9.00 and SC/STS 2010 6.00.

SC/NATS 2700 6.00 Science for Teachers (retired)
A study of key ideas in the physical, life, earth, space and environmental sciences necessary to teach the Ontario elementary science curriculum. The social dimensions of science and technology, especially relating to Canada, are integrated with the scientific material. Three lecture hours per week. Two laboratory hours every other week. Two terms. Six credits.
Note: Normally open only to those coregistered in the Faculty of Education primary/junior or junior/intermediate programs or planning to apply for those programs.
Note: This course fulfills the University's general education requirement for non-science students. Course credit exclusion: SC/NATS 2700 9.00.

SC/NATS 1550 3.00 Science of Animal Migration 
Migration is a remarkable solution employed by organisms to cope with seasonal requirements. This course considers: How do organisms know where and when to go? What tools does science use for its study? How are humans affecting migration systems? One term. Three credits. NCR note: This course is not open to any student who has passed or is taking SC/BIOL 1000 3.00, SC/BIOL 1001 3.00 or SC/BIOL 1010 6.00.

SC/NATS 1530 3.00 Science of Space Flight and Exploration 
This course will look from a historical timeline at the science and technology of space flight and the discoveries and expansion of our knowledge through space exploration. Three lecture hours per week. One tutorial hour in alternate weeks. One Term. Three credits.

SC/NATS 1760 6.00 Science, Technology and Society 
A study of the intellectual and social nature of science and technology, their similarities and differences. The course may deal with the impact of scientific and technological advancements on societies both past and present. Three lecture hours. Two terms. Six credits. Course credit exclusion: AK/NATS 1760 6.00.

SC/NATS 1840 6.00 Science, Technology and the Environment 
Environmental issues, how they arise, and an exploration of possible solutions to present and future problems. Topics include pollution, water quality, biodiversity, resource usage, population, global warming, and medical consequences of environmental changes. Three lecture hours. Two terms. Six credits. Course credit exclusions: AK/NATS 1790 6.00, ES/ENVS 1500 6.00, SC/NATS 1510 3.00, SC/NATS 1640 6.00, SC/NATS 1770 6.00.Note: Not open to any students enrolled in the Faculty of Environmental Studies.

SC/NATS 1860 6.00 Science: Past, Present and Future 
Modern science has drastically changed our lives and how we perceive the world and will do so in future. This course explores, through case studies of revolutions in biological and physical sciences, how scientists work, experiment, theorize, communicate and debate. Three lectures and one hour online tutorial per week. Two terms. Six credits.

SC/NATS 1730 6.00 Scientific Change 
The nature of scientific change based on case histories, which may include Ptolemaic and Copernican astronomy, Newtonian mechanism, Darwinian evolution, the rise of bacteriology, Einstein's relativity and the discovery of the structure of DNA. Three lecture hours. Two terms. Six credits. Course credit exclusion: AK/NATS 1710 6.00, SC/NATS 1710 6.00.

AP/SOSC 1140 9.00 Self, Culture and Society 
The course concerns the development of concepts of culture by which individuals seek to understand themselves and the world about them, using materials from anthropology, sociology and philosophy, and with the aim of developing a critique of our own situation. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/HREQ/SOSC 1710 6.00.Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AS/SOSC 1140 9.00, AK/SOSC 1710 6.00.

AP/HREQ 1900 6.00 Sexuality, Gender and Society 
This course examines how the meaning and significance of sexuality, family, work and public life have varied historically for men and women. It is particularly concerned with analyzing the social definition and control of women and homosexuality, which has largely taken place in the interests of the dominant class of heterosexual "masculine" males. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/SOSC 1900 6.00.

AP/SOSC 1900 6.00 Sexuality, Gender and Society 
This course examines how the meaning and significance of sexuality, family, work and public life have varied historically for men and women. It is particularly concerned with analyzing the social definition and control of women and homosexuality, which has largely taken place in the interests of the dominant class of heterosexual "masculine" males. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/SOSC 1900 6.00.

AP/HREQ 1880 6.00 Social Change in Canada 
An analysis of the problem of change in Canadian social structure. Topics to be covered include recent trends in social institutions, the politics and management of change, the social and psychological consequences of rapid and extensive change and the ideologies we bring to understanding change. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/SOSC 1880 6.00.

AP/SOSC 1880 6.00 Social Change in Canada 
An analysis of the problem of change in Canadian social structure. Topics to be covered include recent trends in social institutions, the politics and management of change, the social and psychological consequences of rapid and extensive change and the ideologies we bring to understanding change. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/SOSC 1880 6.00.

AP/SOSC 1720 6.00 Social, Political and Economic Themes in Western Civilization 
Evaluates the rise of the West, emphasizing the development of capitalism, imperialism and globalization and the theory and practice of liberal democracy. Grounded in contemporary problems and challenges, the course also examines alternative political and economic perspectives. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusion: AP/SOSC 1520 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOSC 1720 6.00, AS/SOSC 1520 9.00.

AP/HREQ 1720 6.00 Social, Political and Economic Themes in Western Civilization 
Evaluates the rise of the West, emphasizing the development of capitalism, imperialism and globalization and the theory and practice of liberal democracy. Grounded in contemporary problems and challenges, the course also examines alternative political and economic perspectives. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusion: AP/SOSC 1520 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOSC 1720 6.00, AS/SOSC 1520 9.00.

AP/SOSC 1535 9.00 Societies and Economic Systems 
This course examines the 20th century's two dominant economic systems: Western capitalism and eastern European socialism. It provides a comprehensive understanding of the theory and practice of both systems, and discusses movement between them. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/SOSC 1535 9.00.

AP/SOSC 2200 9.00 Sovereignty and Democracy: Canada in the New Global Economy (retired)
A critical assessment of the body of knowledge on Canada as it has developed in selected disciplines. Works of various scholars are examined to illustrate approaches used. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/SOSC 2200 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2920 9.00 Spreading the Word: Knowledge, Technology and Culture (retired)
This course explores technologies of knowledge in social and cultural context, examining histories of classification, ethical and political concerns about information, debates over artificial intelligence and artificial life, and the social impact of technologies like the book, telegraph and computer. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 2920 9.00.

SC/NATS 1500 3.00 Statistics and Reasoning in Modern Society 
Statistical reasoning is crucial for a critical understanding of the flood of information we face daily in modern society. This course examines the principles of statistical reasoning with an emphasis on applications to everyday decisions and turning information into understanding. Course credit exclusion: SC/MATH 1532 3.00. NCR Note: Not open to students who have passed or are taking AK/AS/SC MATH 2560 3.00, or who have received advanced standing for the equivalent.

AP/HUMA 1780 6.00 Stories in Diverse Media 
Focuses on recurrent stories and themes that have been realized in a variety of media (film, literature, music, theatre, visual arts). Emphasized are various settings for the arts and their reception by audiences, viewers and readers. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/HUMA 1780 6.00.

AP/MODR 1770 6.00 Techniques of Persuasion 
This course takes examples from the various modes of persuasion including advertising, propaganda and political argument. Course credit exclusions: None. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/MODR 1770 6.00.

SC/NATS 1775 6.00 Technology and Civilization 
A study of the most important technological advances in the context of various civilizations throughout history. Selected important innovations (e.g. mechanized agriculture, wind, water, steam and nuclear power generation, aviation and railways and communications). Three lecture hours. Two terms. Six credits. Course credit exclusions: AK/NATS 1780 6.00, SC/NATS 1810 6.00.

AP/HUMA 2430 9.00 The Asian Canadian Experience: Historical and Contemporary (retired)
This course examines the Asian Canadian experience as a lived reality and as constructed in works of the imagination. Issues such as community, otherness and boundary crossing are explored. Comparisons are made to the US experience. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 2430 9.00.

AP/HUMA 1850 6.00 The Bible and Modern Contexts 
The course examines selected biblical texts, their social and historical contexts, and selected current issues such as the goddess, role of women in religion, social critique, sexual ethics, spirituality and biblical interpretation. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/HUMA 1850 6.00.

SC/NATS 1660 6.00 The Biology of Sex 
This course investigates the role of sexual reproduction in the living world. The cellular, physiological and genetic bases of sex are discussed. Other topics include sexual behaviour and the influence of sexual reproduction on evolution. Three lecture hours a week. Two laboratory hours every other week. Six credits. Course credit exclusions: SC/NATS 1610 6.00, SC/NATS 1650 6.00, SC/NATS 1675 6.00, SC/NATS 1690 6.00, AK/NATS 1820 6.00. NCR Note: This course is not open to any student who has passed or is taking SC/BIOL 1000 3.00, SC/BIOL 1001 3.00 or SC/BIOL 1010 6.00.

AP/SOSC 2730 6.00 The Culture of Cities (retired)
From the gods of Ur to the colonnades of the Greek agora, from Roman baths to the baroque torture chambers, from the squalid industrial cities to the Disneyland cities, this course is an intellectual and visual journey into the culture of cities. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/SOSC 2730 6.00.

AP/HUMA 1300 9.00 The Cultures of Resistance in the Americas: The African American Experience 
This course examines oppression and the ways in which Afro-American, Amerindian and racially-mixed communities in the Caribbean, Latin America, Canada and the United States use cultural patterns - the oral tradition, religion and ethics - both to comment on that oppression and to express alternatives. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 1300 9.00.

SC/NATS 1750 6.00 The Earth and Its Atmosphere 
Topics addressed concerning the Earth include geochronology, seismology, geomagnetism and plate tectonics. Topics addressed concerning the atmosphere include the general circulation, climate change, ozone depletion, weather and violent storms. Three lecture hours, one tutorial hour. Two terms. Six credits. Course credit exclusions: SC/NATS 1570 3.00, SC/NATS 1780 6.00, LE/SC/EATS 1010 3.00, LE/SC/EATS 1011 3.00. Not open to any student who has passed or is taking a course in earth and atmospheric science. Prior to Summer 2013: Course credit exclusions: SC/NATS 1780 6.00, SC/EATS 1010 3.00, SC/EATS 1011 3.00. Not open to any student who has passed or is taking a course in earth and atmospheric science.

AP/SOSC 2330 9.00 The Economics of Law, Policy and Organization (retired)
This course considers economics as a form of moral argument. This course considers how economists evaluate existing government policies in a broad variety of areas, including housing policies and rent control, environmental protection and gender equity in the workplace. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/SOSC 2330 9.00.

AP/HUMA 1160 9.00 The Enlightenment and Human Understanding 
A fundamental feature of the Enlightenment is the view that human experience is the foundation of gaining knowledge and truth. We focus on selected Enlightenment writers and thinkers in order to understand this approach to writing. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 1160 9.00.

AP/HUMA 2830 9.00 The Founders of Christianity (retired)
An introduction to the literature and history of the early Christian communities in Palestine, Syria, Asia Minor, Greece and Rome. The varieties of early Christian thought and practice are examined in terms of their religious, cultural and political contexts. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 2830 9.00.

AP/SOSC 1510 9.00 The Future of Work 
This course studies the emerging patterns of work in Canadian society. It provides a comprehensive understanding of the post-war work world, the causes of its breakdown, changing values and identities, and competing scenarios for work, leisure and unemployment. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/HREQ/SOSC 1740 6.00. Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOSC 1740 6.00, AS/SOSC 1510 9.00.

SC/NATS 1680 6.00 The Genetic Revolution 
This course examines the impact of recent genetic discoveries on medicine, agriculture, ecosystems and industry. New technologies employ enzymes to cut and splice DNA from different organisms. This has the potential to benefit human society but gene manipulations (genetic engineering) raise important ethical questions. Three lecture hours. Two terms. Six credits. Course credit exclusion: AK/NATS 1860 6.00. NCR Note: This course is not open to any student who has passed or is taking SC/BIOL 1000 3.00, SC/BIOL 1001 3.00 or SC/BIOL 1010 6.00.

AP/SOSC 1910 6.00 The Global South, Human Rights, and Development 
An examination of the historical relationship among human rights, economic equity, and the idea of development in the global south; attempts of selected countries to alleviate poverty through various development strategies. This will entail a survey of socio-economic structures, and legal-political institutions in the global south, and an analysis of the relationship between the global south and the global north. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusion: AP/SOSC 1430 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOSC 1910 6.00, AS/SOSC 1430 9.00.

AP/HREQ 1910 6.00 The Global South, Human Rights, and Development 
An examination of the historical relationship among human rights, economic equity, and the idea of development in the global south; attempts of selected countries to alleviate poverty through various development strategies. This will entail a survey of socio-economic structures, and legal-political institutions in the global south, and an analysis of the relationship between the global south and the global north. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusion: AP/SOSC 1430 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOSC 1910 6.00, AS/SOSC 1430 9.00.

AP/HUMA 1870 6.00 The Hebrew Bible/Old Testament and the Arts 
This course looks at selected passages from the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament and their interpretative reflection in the western artistic tradition, including pictorial/representational art, music, literature, and cinema. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None.

SC/NATS 1510 3.00 The History of the Environment 
How the Earth's environment came to be what it is now. From the formation of the Earth through all stages of human civilization, this course traces the factors that have given the planet the environment that we live in today. Course credit exclusion: SC/NATS 1840 6.00.

AP/HUMA 2850 9.00 The Jewish Experience: Symbiosis and Rejection (retired)
An examination of the interaction of Jews and gentiles in selected periods from antiquity through the 20th century. A case study in ethnic adaptation, the course seeks to understand how Jews sometimes adapted their lives to the world around them, and at other times withdrew into themselves, and how at certain times they exerted considerable influence on the people among whom they lived or who lived among them. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AS/HUMA 2850 9.00, AS/HUMA 2851 3.00, AS/HUMA 2852 3.00.

SC/NATS 1610 6.00 The Living Body 
Some aspects of human biology, including structure and function, reproduction, physiology, genetics and a study of some human diseases. Laboratories are self-paced, scheduled audio-tutorials involving demonstrations, experiments and observations. Three lecture hours, one laboratory hour. Two terms. Six credits. Course credit exclusions: SC/NATS 1650 6.00, SC/NATS 1660 6.00, SC/NATS 1675 6.00, SC/NATS 1690 6.00, AK/NATS 1820 6.00. NCR Note: This course is not open to any student who has passed or is taking SC/BIOL 1000 3.00, SC/BIOL 1001 3.00 or SC/BIOL 1010 6.00.

AP/HUMA 1170 9.00 The Modern Age: Shapers and Definers 
The course introduces the student to some of the important shapers and definers of the modern (Western) artistic and intellectual tradition, along with some of the movements and counter-movements that framed their work (Romanticism, Realism, Symbolism, Modernism etc.).Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: AP/HUMA 1750 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/HUMA 1750 6.00, AS/HUMA 1170 9.00.

SC/NATS 1920 6.00 The Nature and Growth of Ideas in Mathematics 
Students are shown the central position of mathematics in our culture: great discoveries in mathematics and their effect on general culture and society; history of mathematics; mathematics of art and architecture, sound, games and gambling and computing. Course credit exclusion: AK/MATH 1700 6.00

SC/NATS 1710 6.00 The Nature and Growth of Scientific Thought 
Science is examined as an intellectual activity. Emphasis is placed on the evolution of some key concepts to show the nature and methodology of natural science, the development of scientific ideas and their grounding in experience. Three lecture hours plus scheduled laboratory sessions. Two terms. Six credits. Course credit exclusions: SC/NATS 1730 6.00, AK/NATS 1710 6.00.

AP/HUMA 1860 6.00 The Nature of Religion: An Introduction 
Explores the nature of religious faith, religious language (myth and symbol) and clusters of religious beliefs through an examination of the primary texts of several major world religions. Methodologies for the study of religion will also be examined. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: AP/HUMA 2800 9.00, AP/SOSC 2600 9.00. Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/HUMA 1860 6.00, AS/HUMA 2800 9.00, AS/SOSC 2600 9.00.

AP/HUMA 1650 9.00 The Networked Imagination 
This course explores the technological determinants operating today on almost all cultural forms. The main theme of this course is how the nature of digital representation and communication affects the nature of literature, visual arts and music, altering not only the forms and content, but the roles of artist/author and their audiences. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 1650 9.00.

AP/HUMA 1740 6.00 The Roots of Modern Canada 
This course introduces the student to some of the main themes in the development of Canadian culture as they manifest themselves in Canadian history, literature, politics and fine arts. Canadian culture is studied, in large measure, as the working out of European and other traditions in the experience and consciousness of Canadians as peoples within a North American context. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: AP/HUMA 1200 9.00. Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/HUMA 1740 6.00, AS/HUMA 1200 9.00.

AP/CDNS 1740 6.00 The Roots of Modern Canada 
This course introduces the student to some of the main themes in the development of Canadian culture as they manifest themselves in Canadian history, literature, politics and fine arts. Canadian culture is studied, in large measure, as the working out of European and other traditions in the experience and consciousness of Canadians as peoples within a North American context. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: AP/HUMA 1200 9.00. Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/HUMA 1740 6.00, AS/HUMA 1200 9.00.

AP/HUMA 1710 6.00 The Roots of Western Culture. The Ancient World (circa 1000 BC-400 AD) 
Two historical cultures have had an important role in shaping modern thought: the Graeco-Roman and Judaeo-Christian. This course explores these cultures through selective study of their literature, philosophy and religious thought. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: AP/HUMA 1110 9.00. Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/HUMA 1710 6.00, AS/HUMA 1110 9.00.

AP/HUMA 1750 6.00 The Roots of Western Culture. The Contemporary Period (circa 1900-Present) 
This course will explore from several perspectives some of the major themes and issues with which modern thought and literature have been concerned. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: AP/HUMA 1170 9.00. Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/HUMA 1750 6.00, AS/HUMA 1170 9.00.

AP/HUMA 1800 6.00 The Roots of Western Culture. The Middle Ages and Renaissance (circa 400-1600 AD) 
This course will explore from many perspectives the significant developments that occurred in the Middle Ages and Renaissance in politics, religion, art and literature. The course also will examine their continuing impact upon subsequent Western thought and literature. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit.Course credit exclusion: AP/HUMA 1125 9.00. Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/HUMA 1800 6.00, AS/HUMA 1120 9.00, AS/HUMA 1125 9.00 and AS/HUMA 1130 9.00.

AP/HUMA 1720 6.00 The Roots of Western Culture. The Modern Period (circa 1500-1900) 
Our modern conception of ourselves has evolved from issues debated particularly since the reformation and scientific revolution. This course will explore these issues by drawing upon literature, art, and social, religious, political and philosophical texts. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. Prior TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/HUMA 1720 6.00.

SC/NATS 1520 3.00 The Science and Technology of Music 
The course examines the science of music (human voice, ear, brain; sound waves; musical instruments) and its technological aspects from the Neolithic to today, touching upon the construction of instruments and their sound, electronic amplification and manipulation, music production, broadcasting and recording. Course credit exclusion: SC/NATS 1720 6.00

SC/NATS 1930 6.00 The Science of Computation 
Starting with the question 'What is a computer?' this course explores how different models of computation lead to an awareness of limits on what the computer can accomplish. The course works its way from simple machine models to modern software systems that control intelligent robots and other artificial entities. NCR Note: This course cannot be taken for credit by any student who is simultaneously taking, or has passed, LE/SC/CSE 2001 3.00. Note: This course does not count as a computer science course for major credit in any degree program offered by CSE but may be used to meet elective or NATS requirements. Prior to Summer 2013: NCR Note: This course cannot be taken for credit by any student who is simultaneously taking, or has passed, SC/CSE 2001 3.00. Note: This course does not count as a computer science course for major credit in any degree program offered by CSE but may be used to meet elective or NATS requirements.

SC/NATS 1790 6.00 The Science of Flight 
This course presents basic physical principles by studying various aspects of aircraft and flying. Topics include properties of air as a fluid, aero-engines, basic theory of flight, principles of aircraft instruments and navigation and processes which influence the weather. Three lecture hours, one tutorial hour. Two terms. Six credits.

AP/HUMA 2100 9.00 The World of Ancient Greeks (retired)
A study of the culture of the Greek speaking peoples of the Hellenic and Hellenistic Mediterranean at various points in their development and evolution. Areas of cultural endeavours to be explored include drama, epic, gender, law, philosophy, history and rhetoric. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 2100 9.00.

SC/NATS 1540 3.00 Theories of Dinosaur Extinction 
About 65 million years ago, dinosaurs, one of the most prominent species on Earth, vanished suddenly. This acquaints students with the more prominent of the theories used to explain this disappearance, including the evidence and objections relating to each. Offered in each semester during fall academic year. One, three lecture hours, or two, one and a half lecture hours per week. Three credits.

AP/ESL 1450 6.00 Thinking about Contemporary Canada 
Examines how writers, filmmakers, singers and philosophers understand Canada at the end of the 20th century. Emphasizes a range of voices, both rooted in Canada and immigrant, and on issues critical to arrival, belonging and the idea of nation. Note: This course comprises the English as a second language requirement for incoming English as a second language students. It may be counted as fulfilling the general education humanities requirement or as an elective credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/ENSL 1450 6.00.

AP/HUMA 1745 6.00 Thinking about Contemporary Canada 
Examines how writers, filmmakers, singers and philosophers understand Canada at the end of the 20th century. Emphasizes a range of voices, both rooted in Canada and immigrant, and on issues critical to arrival, belonging and the idea of nation. Note: This course comprises the English as a second language requirement for incoming English as a second language students. It may be counted as fulfilling the general education humanities requirement or as an elective credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/ENSL 1450 6.00.

GL/MODR 1714 6.00 Thinking and Writing Critically 
This course focuses on the presentation and evaluation of arguments in natural language. Formal techniques are used where appropriate. Note: Only one in the MODR 17xx 6.00 series may be taken for credit.

AP/HUMA 1115 9.00 Transformations of Ancient Literature 
This course examines modern adaptations and transformations of ancient Greek ad Latin literature. Particular attention is paid to religious, political, and social context. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 1115 9.00.

SC/NATS 1870 6.00 Understanding Colour 
A cross-disciplinary approach in examining colour, with the aim of understanding colour from the multiple viewpoints of art, physics, chemistry, physiology and history. Topics include: perception, wave nature of light, spectroscopy, colour harmony and contrast, natural phenomena, dyes and pigments. Three lecture hours. Two terms. Six credits. Course credit exclusion: AK/NATS 1870 6.00, SC/NATS 1720 6.00

SC/NATS 1560 3.00 Understanding Food 
A study of what food is, where it comes from and the roles various foods play in human nutrition and health. Topics include scientific and technological aspects of modern food production such as genetics, farming, fishing, and beverage industries. Three lecture hours per week. Three credits. Prerequisites/corequisites: None. NCR Note: No Credit Retained (NCR) if SC/NATS 1910 6.00 has been completed.

AP/SOSC 1012 9.00 Understanding Social Theory 
This course provides an interdisciplinary perspective on the emergence of social theory from political theory, philosophy and economics. It presents the roles in this process of ancient philosophy and political theory, and of their counterparts in early modern thought. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None.

AP/SOSC 1730 6.00 Urbanization and Urban Issues 
An assessment of urbanization and of some modern issues associated with the rapid growth of cities particularly in Canada. The course will embrace such issues as: urban blight, pollution, urban sprawl, social and economic inequalities, city administration and prescriptions for improvement of urban living. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/SOSC 1730 6.00.

AP/HREQ 1730 6.00 Urbanization and Urban Issues 
An assessment of urbanization and of some modern issues associated with the rapid growth of cities particularly in Canada. The course will embrace such issues as: urban blight, pollution, urban sprawl, social and economic inequalities, city administration and prescriptions for improvement of urban living. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/SOSC 1730 6.00.

SC/NATS 1780 6.00 Weather and Climate 
The weather and health of our atmosphere affect us all. This course provides an overview of the Earth's atmosphere; its chemistry, physics and dynamics; an introduction to meteorology and weather forecasting; and a discussion of climate. Canada's weather and climate are emphasized. Three lecture hours, one tutorial hour. Two terms. Six credits. Course credit exclusions: LE/SC/EATS 1011 3.00, SC/NATS 1750 6.00. Not open to any students enrolled in the Earth and Atmospheric Science program. Prior to Summer 2013: Course credit exclusions: SC/NATS 1750 6.00, SC/EATS 1011 3.00. Not open to any students enrolled in the Earth and Atmospheric Science program.

AP/SOSC 1185 9.00 Women and Society 
This course examines images of women and explores women's experiences in the family, at school and at work. It considers issues of violence and sexuality, and theories which explain discrimination. Women organizing for social justice is a central theme. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusion: AP/HREQ/SOSC 1700 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOSC 1700 6.00, AS/SOSC 1185 9.00.

AP/SOSC 1350 9.00 Women and the Law 
Course Retired/Expired: F2012. This course was valid as a general education course prior to being retired/expired in F2012.

AP/SOSC 1700 6.00 Women in Canada 
This course will provide an overview of Canadian women's evolving roles and their response to these roles as both cause and product of changing economic, social and cultural conditions. We will examine such things as woman's changing role in the family and workplace and the rise of the women's movement. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusion: AP/SOSC 1185 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOSC 1700 6.00, AS/SOSC 1185 9.00, AS/SOSC 1180 6.00 (prior to Summer 1998).

AP/HREQ 1700 6.00 Women in Canada 
This course will provide an overview of Canadian women's evolving roles and their response to these roles as both cause and product of changing economic, social and cultural conditions. We will examine such things as woman's changing role in the family and workplace and the rise of the women's movement. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusion: AP/SOSC 1185 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/SOSC 1700 6.00, AS/SOSC 1185 9.00, AS/SOSC 1180 6.00 (prior to Summer 1998).

AP/SOSC 1188 9.00 Women's Roles 
The intersection of gender and culture is considered, with emphasis on women's issues. We explore the role of women in Canada and elsewhere, assessing how nation and culture shape gender discourse, and we examine aboriginal issues at home and abroad. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/SOSC 1188 9.00.

AP/HREQ 1740 6.00 Work and Society 
Introduces students to paid and unpaid work in modern society. It provides an interdisciplinary analysis of historical changes and current issues concerning work and workers' experiences. The focus is on Canada with some comparative material. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusion: AP/SOSC 1510 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/SOSC 1740 6.00, AS/SOSC 1510 9.00.

AP/SOSC 1740 6.00 Work and Society 
Introduces students to paid and unpaid work in modern society. It provides an interdisciplinary analysis of historical changes and current issues concerning work and workers' experiences. The focus is on Canada with some comparative material. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. This course will not count for major credit in HREQ. Course credit exclusion: AP/SOSC 1510 9.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AK/SOSC 1740 6.00, AS/SOSC 1510 9.00.

AP/HUMA 1100 9.00 Worlds of Ancient Greece and Rome 
A study of the classical world with a view to understanding the origin and evolution of some of the literary, philosophical and political ideals of ancient Greece and Rome. Materials for this study will be drawn from Greek and Roman literature in translation, with illustration from the plastic arts. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit.Course credit exclusion: AP/HUMA 1710 6.00. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusions: AK/HUMA 1710 6.00, AS/HUMA 1100 9.00.

AP/HUMA 1970 9.00 Worlds of Childhood 
An exploration of childhood as an aspect of human experience represented in many forms in various cultures over time. Note: This course has been approved in the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies for general education credit. Course credit exclusions: None. PRIOR TO FALL 2009: Course credit exclusion: AS/HUMA 1970 9.00.

AP/WRIT 1700 9.00 Writing: Process and Practice 
This course considers a wide range of written expression including fiction, nonfiction, poetry and other genres, with an emphasis on the theory and practice of writing. Note: This is an approved LA&PS General Education course: Humanities
Course credit exclusion: AP/WRIT 1980 9.00 (prior to Fall 2012). PRIOR TO FALL 2015: Course Title was Writing Theory and Practice.

AP/WRIT 1702 6.00 Becoming a Better Writer: Methods and Models
This course combines practical strategies for writing improvement in academic and professional contexts by having students study the diverse social, political and cultural challenges writers face. The course emphasizes transferable skills via writing academic essays, film criticism and professional projects. Note: This is an approved LA&PS General Education course: Humanities. Course credit exclusions: AP/WRIT 1700 9.0, AP/ WRIT 1701 9.0.

AP/GEOG 1000 6.00 The World Today: An Introduction to Geography
This course asks you to think critically and geographically about the world in which we live and provides context for understanding contemporary social, political, economic, and ecological changes and how you fit into these larger processes. In addition to focusing on pressing issues particular to individual regions, we stress a variety of topics including race and ethnicity, economic inequality, indigenous peoples, migration, colonialism, climate change, globalization, protest movements, food politics, conservation, and the politics of energy. The course draws upon powerful geographic concepts to examine these topics and link you-as a student, a consumer, a citizen, a worker and a traveler-to the changing world around you. Note: This is an approved LA&PS General Education course: Social Science. Course credit exclusion(s): Prior to Fall 2014: AP GEOG 1000 6.0.